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Job Description


This job is part of our sustainability series:  > See more sustainable job ideas > Find out more about sustainable careers

Oceanographers study and explain the formulation of the sea bed, its shape, water depth and the properties of the sea water as well as the coast and the environment. They are employed in a variety of industry sectors including fisheries management, exploration of minerals, energy resources, mining and drilling and coastal development and construction.

Entry Requirements

To become an Oceanographer you will need a degree in oceanography or a related subject such as:

  • ocean science
  • geology
  • biology
  • chemistry
  • environmental science

Employers are often also looking for postgraduate qualifications such as a master's degree (MSc) or a PhD in a subject like oceanography, maths, geology or environmental science.

You may also need work experience at a laboratory or marine research centre. Visit the Society for Underwater Technology (SUT) for research institutions.

Entry requirements for your degree course can vary but you will usually need:

  • 5 GCSEs at grades 9 to 4 (A* to C), or equivalent, including English, maths and science
  • 3 A levels, or equivalent, including at least 1 science
  • a degree in a relevant subject for postgraduate study

University course search

Career Path and Progression

You could further your career by taking courses through the Marine Technology Education Consortium

Related careers you may be interested in:

  • Astronomer
  • Cartographer
  • Diver
  • Geoscientist

Required Skills

  • You will need excellent communication skills
  • Experience of the marine environment
  • Accuracy and attention to detail
  • Good IT skills
  • Strong mathematical skills
  • Excellent observational and practical skills
  • Good at problem solving
  • Determination and perseverance

Salary Range

£14,000 to £60,000

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